1. 安装

yum install -y iperf

2. 格式及常用参数:

-l  设置读写缓冲区的长度
-p  设置端口,与服务器端的监听端口一致
-o  重定向输出到指定文件
-t  设置传输的总时间
-v  显示版本信息和编译信息并退出


$ iperf --help

Usage: iperf [-s|-c host] [options]
       iperf [-h|--help] [-v|--version]

  -b, --bandwidth #[kmgKMG | pps]  bandwidth to send at in bits/sec or packets per second
  -e, --enhancedreports    use enhanced reporting giving more tcp/udp and traffic information
  -f, --format    [kmgKMG]   format to report: Kbits, Mbits, KBytes, MBytes
  -i, --interval  #        seconds between periodic bandwidth reports
  -l, --len       #[kmKM]    length of buffer in bytes to read or write (Defaults: TCP=128K, v4 UDP=1470, v6 UDP=1450)
  -m, --print_mss          print TCP maximum segment size (MTU - TCP/IP header)
  -o, --output    <filename> output the report or error message to this specified file
  -p, --port      #        server port to listen on/connect to
  -u, --udp                use UDP rather than TCP
      --udp-counters-64bit use 64 bit sequence numbers with UDP
  -w, --window    #[KM]    TCP window size (socket buffer size)
  -z, --realtime           request realtime scheduler
  -B, --bind <host>[:<port>][%<dev>] bind to <host>, ip addr (including multicast address) and optional port and device
  -C, --compatibility      for use with older versions does not sent extra msgs
  -M, --mss       #        set TCP maximum segment size (MTU - 40 bytes)
  -N, --nodelay            set TCP no delay, disabling Nagle's Algorithm
  -S, --tos       #        set the socket's IP_TOS (byte) field

Server specific:
  -s, --server             run in server mode
  -t, --time      #        time in seconds to listen for new connections as well as to receive traffic (default not set)
      --udp-histogram #,#  enable UDP latency histogram(s) with bin width and count, e.g. 1,1000=1(ms),1000(bins)
  -B, --bind <ip>[%<dev>]  bind to multicast address and optional device
  -H, --ssm-host <ip>      set the SSM source, use with -B for (S,G)
  -U, --single_udp         run in single threaded UDP mode
  -D, --daemon             run the server as a daemon
  -V, --ipv6_domain        Enable IPv6 reception by setting the domain and socket to AF_INET6 (Can receive on both IPv4 and IPv6)

Client specific:
  -c, --client    <host>   run in client mode, connecting to <host>
  -d, --dualtest           Do a bidirectional test simultaneously
      --ipg                set the the interpacket gap (milliseconds) for packets within an isochronous frame
      --isochronous <frames-per-second>:<mean>,<stddev> send traffic in bursts (frames - emulate video traffic)
  -n, --num       #[kmgKMG]    number of bytes to transmit (instead of -t)
  -r, --tradeoff           Do a bidirectional test individually
  -t, --time      #        time in seconds to transmit for (default 10 secs)
  -B, --bind [<ip> | <ip:port>] bind ip (and optional port) from which to source traffic
  -F, --fileinput <name>   input the data to be transmitted from a file
  -I, --stdin              input the data to be transmitted from stdin
  -L, --listenport #       port to receive bidirectional tests back on
  -P, --parallel  #        number of parallel client threads to run
  -R, --reverse            reverse the test (client receives, server sends)
  -T, --ttl       #        time-to-live, for multicast (default 1)
  -V, --ipv6_domain        Set the domain to IPv6 (send packets over IPv6)
  -X, --peer-detect        perform server version detection and version exchange
  -Z, --linux-congestion <algo>  set TCP congestion control algorithm (Linux only)

  -x, --reportexclude [CDMSV]   exclude C(connection) D(data) M(multicast) S(settings) V(server) reports
  -y, --reportstyle C      report as a Comma-Separated Values
  -h, --help               print this message and quit
  -v, --version            print version information and quit

[kmgKMG] Indicates options that support a k,m,g,K,M or G suffix
Lowercase format characters are 10^3 based and uppercase are 2^n based
(e.g. 1k = 1000, 1K = 1024, 1m = 1,000,000 and 1M = 1,048,576)

The TCP window size option can be set by the environment variable
TCP_WINDOW_SIZE. Most other options can be set by an environment variable
IPERF_<long option name>, such as IPERF_BANDWIDTH.

3. 参考实例

  1. udp模式下,客户端同时向服务器端发起30个连接线程,以5Mbps为数据发送速率:

    [root@linux ~]#iperf -c -u -b 5M -d -P 30
  2. 在tcp模式下,客户端到服务器192.168.1.1上传带宽测试,测试时间为60秒:

    [root@linux ~]#iperf -c -t 60
  3. 将 Iperf 启动为 server 模式:

    [root@linux ~]#iperf -s
  4. 使用服务端和客户端的默认设置进行测试:

    [root@linux ~]# iperf -s -w 300K
  5. 测试双向的传输 :

    [root@linux ~]# iperf -c -f K -i 2 -w 300K –u


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